عنوان مقاله [English]
The Ashura episode can be viewed from at least three perspectives. On the personality level, the characters of Muawiyah and Yazid left their sinister influences. The way to oppose them was to invite people to avoid committing sins. At the governance level, Muawiyah paved the way for Yazid's rule and left for him the staff needed. The way to oppose it was to implement the Islamic state, uprise, and raise voices against Yazid. On the social level, to oppose the Umayyad rule, it was necessary to confront their love for the worldly life. Based on other criteria, it was Imam al-Husayn who was able to counteract against the Umayyad hegemony and influence the Islamic world with his enlightenment.